The acceleration of innovation processes depends on existing or recently invented technology that can be accessed and used by AAAID (transfer of modern techniques, methods and technology). The AAAID has approved and adopted a number of smart agricultural techniques and has worked to apply them in Arab countries, aiming to increase productivity for various crops while conserving the environment and available resources. Smart agro-technologies adopted by the AAAID in its projects include, among others, the zero-tillage system, the use of solar energy in agricultural projects and the latest irrigation systems.
The AAAID has successfully adopted the zero-tillage agricultural system, leading to increased productivity, conservation of the environment and natural resources, and economic efficiency. AAAID research into the zero-tillage system resulted in a number of improvements that made the system more compatible with targeted environments in Arab countries where the technique was tried. The zero-tillage program has achieved excellent results during its years of application, increasing productivity and protecting soils from environmental factors.
The AAAID has adopted and effectively applied precision farming in the Agadi project in Sudan, along with the zero-tillage system. The application of the system has led to increased production of cotton, sunflowers and sorghum, as well as an expansion of agricultural lands. In addition to the development of topographic and contour maps, the controlled traffic system of farming has been applied using GPS and GIS, thereby contributing to a 5% increase in the areas under cultivation.
The AAAID has adopted and disseminated sustainable farming systems among small-scale farmers. Modern irrigation systems range from lateral move irrigation, axial irrigation and magnetic water, sprinkler and drip irrigation systems. These have been introduced in areas where water is scarce or the soil faces drainage or salinity problems, while surface siphon irrigation systems are being used in areas where irrigation water is always available.
The AAAID has established an integrated tissue culture laboratory in the Comoros to propagate varieties of plantains, which are considered the country’s staple food, as well as some varieties of potatoes and aromatic plants. Training courses are provided for graduates on tissue culture application.
The AAAID has introduced various protected agriculture systems into its projects in a number of Arab countries including Sudan, Mauritania, the Comoros and Yemen (Qeeso and Maanoofa stations). The technology used in protected agriculture varies according to climatic conditions. In Sudan, for example, refrigerated greenhouses are used, while in the Comoros airtight plastic greenhouses are used for protection from the winds.
The AAAID has expanded and disseminated agricultural machinery and equipment and incorporated modern technologies to ensure a firm footing for local agricultural and investment activities through improved performance and production quality. The Authority provides its companies with the latest agricultural machinery and equipment, such as tractors, tillers, laser leveling, combine harvesters and other specialized agricultural equipment.
AAAID has implemented a research project for the cultivation of maize and its processing into silage fodder. Maize is considered one of the most important crops in achieving food security and a promising agricultural product in Sudan and other Arab countries, to increase milk production as it provides nutritious high-energy feed for all ruminants.
The AAAID has conducted research projects to benefit from solar power as a source of renewable energy in rural areas. This will transform traditional agricultural production into environmentally-friendly projects through the use of inexpensive and non-polluting renewable energy and the conservation of water resources and biosystems, using integrated irrigation systems powered by solar energy.